Why is the maternal mortality ratio important?

Maternal mortality has become an important measure of human and social development. It is particularly revealing of women’s overall status, access to health care, and the responsiveness of the health care system to their needs.

Why is the mortality rate important?

The importance of mortality statistics derives both from the significance of death in an individual’s life as well as their potential to improve the public’s health when used to systematically assess and monitor the health status of a whole community.

What does maternal mortality ratio mean?

The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is defined as the number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 100,000 live births during the same time period.

Why is the maternal mortality rate MMR a useful indicator of a country’s overall health?

It measures obstetric risk (i.e., the risk of dying once a woman is pregnant). It therefore omits the risk of being pregnant (i.e., fertility, in a population, which is measured by the maternal mortality rate or the lifetime risk) (Graham and Airey, 1987).

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Why do we measure maternal mortality?

It is used in settings where medical certification of cause of death is not available. It aims to identify maternal death that occur in community and the cause of maternal death.

What does mortality rate indicate?

A mortality rate is a measure of the frequency of occurrence of death in a defined population during a specified interval. Morbidity and mortality measures are often the same mathematically; it’s just a matter of what you choose to measure, illness or death.

What’s the definition of mortality rate?

: the ratio between deaths and individuals in a specified population and during a particular time period : the incidence of deaths in a given population during a defined time period (such as one year) that is typically expressed per 1000 or 100,000 individuals : death rate an annual mortality rate of 15 deaths per 1000 …

Are high maternal mortality ratios a problem for developing countries?

Results. Maternal mortality ratio is very high in developing countries and enormously varies among countries. A significant relationship between the maternal mortality ratio and socio-economic, health care and morbidity indicator variables was observed.

What is the difference between infant mortality rate and maternal mortality rate?

The infant mortality rate has decreased from 9.7 per 1000 live births in 1981 to 1.4 in 2019 while the maternal mortality ratio has fluctuated between 0 and 11.2 per 100000 live births in the past 39 years. Note: The mortality and birth statistics are based on number of «registered» deaths and births.

What is the difference between maternal mortality and maternal morbidity?

MATERNAL MORTALITY

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Maternal morbidity (or obstetric morbidity as defined above) can lead in turn to death. Death due to pregnancy-related causes is known as maternal mortality or maternal death.

Which country has the highest maternal mortality rate?

Country Comparison > Maternal mortality rate

Rank Country Maternal mortality rate (deaths/100,000 live births)
1 South Sudan 1,150
2 Chad 1,140
3 Sierra Leone 1,120
4 Nigeria 917

How can we reduce maternal mortality?

To avoid maternal deaths, it is also vital to prevent unwanted pregnancies. All women, including adolescents, need access to contraception, safe abortion services to the full extent of the law, and quality post-abortion care.

What are the indirect causes of maternal mortality?

Evidence-based interventions for major causes of maternal mortality. Other direct causes include ectopic pregnancy, embolism, and anesthesia-related complications. Indirect causes include anemia, malaria, and heart disease.

How do you calculate mortality ratio?

To calculate a death rate the number of deaths recorded is divided by the number of people in the population, and then multiplied by 100, 1,000 or another convenient figure. The crude death rate shows the number of deaths in the total population and, for the sake of manageability, is usually calculated per 1,000.

How do you calculate an IMR?

Infant mortality rate (IMR) is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age. The rate for a given region is the number of children dying under one year of age, divided by the number of live births during the year, multiplied by 1,000.

How do you calculate child mortality rate?

The indicator is calculated as equal to the number of deaths of children under five in a calendar year divided by the number of live births in the same year and multiplied by 1,000.