Where does the execution of the program?

The main function serves as the starting point for program execution. It usually controls program execution by directing the calls to other functions in the program. A program usually stops executing at the end of main, although it can terminate at other points in the program for a variety of reasons.

Where are programs executed?

Programs are stored on secondary storage devices such as hard disks. When you install a program on your computer, the program is actually copied to your hard disk. But when you execute a program, the program is copied (loaded) from your hard disk to the main memory, and that copy of the program is executed.

Where does the execution of the program starts in C ++?

Explanation: The execution of a C++ program starts from main function hence we require atleast 1 function to be present in a C++ program to execute and i.e. the main function.

How does a program get executed?

How Does a Program Run? The CPU runs instructions using a «fetch-execute» cycle: the CPU gets the first instruction in the sequence, executes it (adding two numbers or whatever), then fetches the next instruction and executes it, and so on.

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Where does the return statement returns the execution of the program?

Explanation: The execution of the program is returned to the point from where the function was called and the function from which this function was called is known as caller function.

When a program is executed it is called as?

A program in execution is called a process.

Is a program in execution?

Explanation: We know that a computer program is a set of instructions to be executed. And if the instructions are in execution, then it is called as process. In brief, a program in execution is called as process.

How C program is compiled and executed?

Execution Flow

1) C program (source code) is sent to preprocessor first. … 2) Expanded source code is sent to compiler which compiles the code and converts it into assembly code. 3) The assembly code is sent to assembler which assembles the code and converts it into object code.

What are the stages of compilation and linking?

Four Steps of Compilation: preprocessing, compiling, assembly, linking.

  • Preprocessing: Preprocessing is the first step. …
  • Compiling: Compiling is the second step. …
  • Assembly: Assembly is the third step of compilation. …
  • Linking: Linking is the final step of compilation.

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What happens when C program is compiled?

Whenever a C program file is compiled and executed, the compiler generates some files with the same name as that of the C program file but with different extensions. … c is called the source file which keeps the code of the program. Now, when we compile the file, the C compiler looks for errors.

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What happens when you execute a program?

Once you run a program, the operating system allocates a runtime process for the program to utilize. This process helps allocate memory for the program, setup any resources that are needed, and begin execution of the program on the CPU using a thread. … Once a program is finished, the opposite happens.

Does a compiler execute a program?

A compiler takes the program code (source code) and converts the source code to a machine language module (called an object file). … So, for a compiled language the conversion from source code to machine executable code takes place before the program is run.

Why return statement is used in C?

The return statement is used to terminate the execution of a function and transfer program control back to the calling function. In addition, it can specify a value to be returned by the function. A function may contain one or more return statements.

What is returned by functions that don’t have a return statement?

If the return statement is without an expression, the special value None is returned. If there is no return statement in the function code, the function ends, when the control flow reaches the end of the function body and the value None will be returned.

What is the return value of putchar ()?

RETURN VALUES

On success, putchar() returns the value c that it wrote to stdout. On failure, it returns EOF and sets errno to one of the following values: EACCES.