What is the meaning of maternal mortality?

Definition: The annual number of female deaths from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes) during pregnancy and childbirth or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy.

What is the meaning of maternal mortality rate?

The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is defined as the number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 100,000 live births during the same time period.

What causes maternal mortality?

The main causes of death are postpartum hemorrhage (24%); indirect causes such as anemia, malaria, and heart disease (20%); infection (15%); unsafe abortion (13%); eclampsia (12%); obstructed labor (8%); and ectopic pregnancy, embolism, and anesthesia complications (8%) (Figure 1).

What is the biggest cause of maternal mortality?

The major complications that account for nearly 75% of all maternal deaths are (4): severe bleeding (mostly bleeding after childbirth) infections (usually after childbirth) high blood pressure during pregnancy (pre-eclampsia and eclampsia)

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Why is maternal mortality important?

Maternal mortality in the United States is infrequent and a relatively small number, but it is an important one. It represents a measure of the overall “effectiveness” of our health care delivery systems through assessment of general medical care and, more specifically, our obstetric health care.

What’s the meaning of maternal?

adjective. of, pertaining to, having the qualities of, or befitting a mother: maternal instincts. related through a mother: his maternal aunt. derived from a mother: maternal genes.

What is the leading cause of maternal death in developing countries?

In developing countries, at least, the most common indirect conditions leading to death or long-term complications are related to infectious or transmissible diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, hepatitis and tuberculosis. HIV/AIDS is now the leading cause of maternal death in most African countries.

Why is maternal health so important?

Maternal and child health is an important public health issue because: * we have the opportunity to end preventable deaths among all women, children and adolescents and to greatly improve their health and well-being.

Which state has the highest maternal mortality rate?

Here are the 10 states with the highest maternal mortality:

  • Louisiana (58.1 per 100k)
  • Georgia (48.4 per 100k)
  • Indiana (43.6 per 100k)
  • New Jersey (38.1 per 100k)
  • Arkansas (37.5 per 100k)
  • Alabama (36.4 per 100k)
  • Missouri (34.6 per 100k)
  • Texas (34.5 per 100k)

Why is US maternal mortality so high?

Inconsistent obstetric practice, increase in women with chronic conditions, and lack of maternal health data all contribute to maternal mortality in the United States.

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How can we reduce maternal mortality?

All hospitals can take four steps to reduce maternal mortality: implement best practices for managing the care of high-risk pregnant women; review each obstetric patient’s risk factors at multidisciplinary staff meetings; conduct simulated obstetric emergencies; and formalize relationships between lower- and higher- …

What is the importance of maternal and child health?

Overview. Improving the well-being of mothers, infants, and children is an important public health goal for the United States. Their well-being determines the health of the next generation and can help predict future public health challenges for families, communities, and the health care system.

What is the function of maternal health care?

It encompasses the health care dimensions of family planning, preconception, prenatal, and postnatal care in order to ensure a positive and fulfilling experience, in most cases, and reduce maternal morbidity and mortality, in other cases.