What is protocol state any two protocols?

Common Internet protocols include TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol), UDP/IP (User Datagram Protocol/Internet Protocol), HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol) and FTP (File Transfer Protocol). TCP/IP is a stream protocol. This means that a connection is negotiated between a client and a server.

What is protocol and different types of protocol?

There are three main types of network protocols. These include network management protocols, network communication protocols and network security protocols: Communication protocols include basic data communication tools like TCP/IP and HTTP. Security protocols include HTTPS, SFTP, and SSL.

What is the term protocol?

Protocol, in computer science, a set of rules or procedures for transmitting data between electronic devices, such as computers. … Perhaps the most important computer protocol is OSI (Open Systems Interconnection), a set of guidelines for implementing networking communications between computers.

What is a Layer 2 protocol?

Layer 2, also known as the Data Link Layer, is the second level in the seven-layer OSI reference model for network protocol design. Layer 2 is equivalent to the link layer (the lowest layer) in the TCP/IP network model. … Frames are transmitted to and received from devices on the same local area network (LAN).

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What is protocol in HTML?

The protocol is a standard that specifies how data are transmitted between computers.

What is protocol give example?

A protocol is a standard set of rules that allow electronic devices to communicate with each other. … Protocols exist for several different applications. Examples include wired networking (e.g., Ethernet), wireless networking (e.g., 802.11ac), and Internet communication (e.g., IP).

What are the types of protocol?

Types of Protocols

  • Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
  • Internet Protocol (IP)
  • User Datagram Protocol (UDP)
  • Post office Protocol (POP)
  • Simple mail transport Protocol (SMTP)
  • File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
  • Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
  • Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS)

What is the difference between protocol and procedure?

A Protocol defines a set of Procedures or steps to be followed for the accomplishment of a given task. Procedures are task oriented. Procedures provide step-by-step instructions on how to do a task.

What is another word for protocol?

What is another word for protocol?

conventions etiquette
propriety decorum
procedure politesse
proprieties ritual
civilities conventionalities

How do protocols work?

Each network protocol defines rules for how its data packets must be organized. Because protocols like Internet Protocol often work together in layers, some data embedded inside a packet formatted for one protocol can be in the format of some other related protocol (a method called encapsulation).

What is a Layer 4 protocol?

Layer 4 of the OSI Model: Transport Layer provides transparent transfer of data between end users, providing reliable data transfer services to the upper layers. The transport layer controls the reliability of a given link through flow control, segmentation and desegmentation, and error control.

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Is ARP layer 2?

ARP works between network layers 2 and 3 of the Open Systems Interconnection model (OSI model). The MAC address exists on layer 2 of the OSI model, the data link layer, while the IP address exists on layer 3, the network layer.

What is a layer 2 address?

The layer 2 address is a physical address. It pertains to the actual hardware interface (NIC) in the computer. A computer can have any number of layer 3 addresses but it will only have 1 layer 2 address per LAN interface.

Which protocol is used by HTTP?

How does HTTP work? As a request-response protocol, HTTP gives users a way to interact with web resources such as HTML files by transmitting hypertext messages between clients and servers. HTTP clients generally use Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) connections to communicate with servers.

What is protocol and standard?

These are the rules or standard that defines the syntax, semantics and synchronization of communication and possible error recovery methods. Protocols may be implemented by hardware, software, or a combination of both. … Protocols are rules. They define exactly how data is exchanged and the expected behavior.

What are the uses of protocol?

Communication protocols allow different network devices to communicate with each other. They are used in both analog and digital communications and can be used for important processes, ranging from transferring files between devices to accessing the internet.