What is maternal mortality and its causes?

Causes of maternal mortality include postpartum hemorrhage, eclampsia, obstructed labor, and sepsis. Many developing nations lack adequate health care and family planning, and pregnant women have minimal access to skilled labor and emergency care.

What are the major causes of maternal mortality?

The five major killers are: Severe bleeding, infections, hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (eclampsia), obstructed labor and complications following unsafe abortion. Globally, about 80% of maternal deaths are due to these causes and every day, about 1000 women die due to them.

What is the number 1 cause of maternal death?

Maternal Deaths By Main Cause

MATERNAL MORTALITY: BY MAIN CAUSE
Number, Rate/1000 Livebirths & Percent Distribution
1. Complications related to pregnancy occuring in the course of labor, delivery and puerperium 47.3
2. Hypertension complicating pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium 29.4
3. Postpartum hemorrhage 15.2

What are the causes of maternal mortality and morbidity?

The most important direct causes are hemorrhage, hypertension, abortion, and sepsis; however, the proportion of deaths due to indirect causes is increasing everywhere and HIV has a big role to play for mortality in Africa.

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What is the leading cause of maternal mortality in the first trimester?

Heart disease and stroke cause most deaths overall. Obstetric emergencies, like severe bleeding and amniotic fluid embolism (when amniotic fluid enters a mother’s bloodstream), cause most deaths at delivery. In the week after delivery, severe bleeding, high blood pressure and infection are most common.

What are the three important causes of maternal deaths?

The major complications that account for nearly 75% of all maternal deaths are (4):

  • severe bleeding (mostly bleeding after childbirth)
  • infections (usually after childbirth)
  • high blood pressure during pregnancy (pre-eclampsia and eclampsia)
  • complications from delivery.
  • unsafe abortion.

19 сент. 2019 г.

What are the three delays in maternal mortality?

The «Three Delays» model proposes that pregnancy-related mortality is overwhelmingly due to delays in: (1) deciding to seek appropriate medical help for an obstetric emergency; (2) reaching an appropriate obstetric facility; and (3) receiving adequate care when a facility is reached.

How can we reduce maternal mortality?

All hospitals can take four steps to reduce maternal mortality: implement best practices for managing the care of high-risk pregnant women; review each obstetric patient’s risk factors at multidisciplinary staff meetings; conduct simulated obstetric emergencies; and formalize relationships between lower- and higher- …

What is the leading cause of maternal death in developing countries?

In developing countries, at least, the most common indirect conditions leading to death or long-term complications are related to infectious or transmissible diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, hepatitis and tuberculosis. HIV/AIDS is now the leading cause of maternal death in most African countries.

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Which country has the highest maternal mortality rate?

Country Comparison > Maternal mortality rate

Rank Country Maternal mortality rate (deaths/100,000 live births)
1 South Sudan 1,150
2 Chad 1,140
3 Sierra Leone 1,120
4 Nigeria 917

What is the difference between maternal mortality and maternal morbidity?

Maternal morbidity (or obstetric morbidity as defined above) can lead in turn to death. Death due to pregnancy-related causes is known as maternal mortality or maternal death. Maternal death is officially defined by the World Health Organization (1992:1238):

What does maternal morbidity mean?

The MMWG has agreed on the following definition of maternal morbidity: “any health condition attributed to and/or aggravated by pregnancy and childbirth that has a negative impact on the woman’s wellbeing”.

Why is US maternal mortality so high?

Inconsistent obstetric practice, increase in women with chronic conditions, and lack of maternal health data all contribute to maternal mortality in the United States.

How long can a dead baby stay in the womb?

In the case of fetal demise, a dead fetus that has been in the uterus for 4 weeks can cause changes in the body’s clotting system. These changes can put a woman at a much higher chance of significant bleeding if she waits for a long time after the fetal demise to deliver the pregnancy.