What are the three delays and why are they important?

The «Three Delays» model proposes that pregnancy-related mortality is overwhelmingly due to delays in: (1) deciding to seek appropriate medical help for an obstetric emergency; (2) reaching an appropriate obstetric facility; and (3) receiving adequate care when a facility is reached.

What are the main causes of maternal mortality?

Results: Direct obstetric deaths accounted for 28 cases. Among these, haemorrhage was the leading cause, followed by eclampsia, sepsis and obstructed labour. Two cases were indirect obstetric deaths, caused by anaemia. All three types of delay were frequent among the studied cases.

What is the difference between maternal mortality rate and ratio?

It is not to be confused with the maternal mortality rate, which is the number of maternal deaths (direct and indirect) in a given period per 100,000 women of reproductive age during the same time period. …

Read more  What is the most economical state to retire in?

What Is Safe Motherhood According to who?

Safe motherhood encompasses a series of initiatives, practices, protocols and service delivery guidelines designed to ensure that women receive high-quality gynecological, family planning, prenatal, delivery and postpartum care, in order to achieve optimal health for the mother, fetus and infant during pregnancy, …

Which of the following is a direct cause of maternal mortality?

Direct obstetric deaths (or direct maternal deaths) are those “resulting from obstetric complications of the pregnant state (pregnancy, labour and puerperium), and from interventions, omissions, incorrect treatment, or from a chain of events resulting from any of the above”.

What are the three important causes of maternal deaths?

The major complications that account for nearly 75% of all maternal deaths are (4):

  • severe bleeding (mostly bleeding after childbirth)
  • infections (usually after childbirth)
  • high blood pressure during pregnancy (pre-eclampsia and eclampsia)
  • complications from delivery.
  • unsafe abortion.

19 сент. 2019 г.

Which country has the highest maternal mortality rate?

Country Comparison > Maternal mortality rate

Rank Country Maternal mortality rate (deaths/100,000 live births)
1 South Sudan 1,150
2 Chad 1,140
3 Sierra Leone 1,120
4 Nigeria 917

Where do maternal deaths occur?

Two regions, sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, account for 86 per cent of maternal deaths worldwide. Sub-Saharan Africans suffer from the highest maternal mortality ratio – 533 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, or 200,000 maternal deaths a year.

How is MMR and IMR calculated?

The maternal mortality ratio can be calculated by dividing recorded (or estimated) maternal deaths by total recorded (or estimated) live births in the same period and multiplying by 100,000.

Read more  How would a project manager use the CPI?

How is IMR calculated?

Infant mortality rate (IMR) is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age. The rate for a given region is the number of children dying under one year of age, divided by the number of live births during the year, multiplied by 1,000.

Why is Safe Motherhood important?

The goal of the National Safe Motherhood Program is to reduce maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality and to improve the maternal and neonatal health through preventive and promotive activities as well as by addressing avoidable factors that cause death during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum period.

How is safe motherhood applied?

Safe motherhood means ensuring that all women have access to the information and services they need to go safely through pregnancy and childbirth. It includes: Education on safe motherhood. Prenatal care (care during pregnancy) and counseling with focus on high risk pregnancies.

What are the six pillars of safe motherhood?

Safe motherhood has basic principles called pillars. The six pillars of safe motherhood include family planning, antenatal care, obstetric care, post natal care, post arbortal care and control of STI/HIV/AIDS. Ensures that couples and individuals have information, access and utilisation of family planning services.

What are the direct and indirect causes of maternal mortality?

Evidence-based interventions for major causes of maternal mortality. Other direct causes include ectopic pregnancy, embolism, and anesthesia-related complications. Indirect causes include anemia, malaria, and heart disease. Reproduced from USAID From the American People.

What is the leading cause of maternal death in developing countries?

In developing countries, at least, the most common indirect conditions leading to death or long-term complications are related to infectious or transmissible diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, hepatitis and tuberculosis. HIV/AIDS is now the leading cause of maternal death in most African countries.

Read more  How do I find a friend?

What causes the majority deaths?

The top global causes of death, in order of total number of lives lost, are associated with three broad topics: cardiovascular (ischaemic heart disease, stroke), respiratory (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lower respiratory infections) and neonatal conditions – which include birth asphyxia and birth trauma, …