What are the main causes of maternal mortality?

What are the major causes of maternal mortality?

The five major killers are: Severe bleeding, infections, hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (eclampsia), obstructed labor and complications following unsafe abortion. Globally, about 80% of maternal deaths are due to these causes and every day, about 1000 women die due to them.

What is the number 1 cause of maternal death?

Maternal Deaths By Main Cause

MATERNAL MORTALITY: BY MAIN CAUSE
Number, Rate/1000 Livebirths & Percent Distribution
1. Complications related to pregnancy occuring in the course of labor, delivery and puerperium 47.3
2. Hypertension complicating pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium 29.4
3. Postpartum hemorrhage 15.2

What are the causes of maternal mortality and morbidity?

Women face the higher risk of maternal death in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The most important direct causes are hemorrhage, hypertension, abortion, and sepsis; however, the proportion of deaths due to indirect causes is increasing everywhere and HIV has a big role to play for mortality in Africa.

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What is the leading cause of maternal mortality in the first trimester?

Heart disease and stroke cause most deaths overall. Obstetric emergencies, like severe bleeding and amniotic fluid embolism (when amniotic fluid enters a mother’s bloodstream), cause most deaths at delivery. In the week after delivery, severe bleeding, high blood pressure and infection are most common.

What are the three important causes of maternal deaths?

The major complications that account for nearly 75% of all maternal deaths are (4):

  • severe bleeding (mostly bleeding after childbirth)
  • infections (usually after childbirth)
  • high blood pressure during pregnancy (pre-eclampsia and eclampsia)
  • complications from delivery.
  • unsafe abortion.

19 сент. 2019 г.

What are the three delays in maternal mortality?

The «Three Delays» model proposes that pregnancy-related mortality is overwhelmingly due to delays in: (1) deciding to seek appropriate medical help for an obstetric emergency; (2) reaching an appropriate obstetric facility; and (3) receiving adequate care when a facility is reached.

Which country has the highest maternal mortality rate?

Country Comparison > Maternal mortality rate

Rank Country Maternal mortality rate (deaths/100,000 live births)
1 South Sudan 1,150
2 Chad 1,140
3 Sierra Leone 1,120
4 Nigeria 917

Where do maternal deaths occur?

Two regions, sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, account for 86 per cent of maternal deaths worldwide. Sub-Saharan Africans suffer from the highest maternal mortality ratio – 533 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, or 200,000 maternal deaths a year.

What country has the lowest maternal mortality rate?

The countries that achieved the lowest maternal mortality ratio are Finland, Greece, Iceland, and Poland. For every 100,000 births, 3 mothers die.

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What is the difference between maternal mortality and maternal morbidity?

MATERNAL MORTALITY

Maternal morbidity (or obstetric morbidity as defined above) can lead in turn to death. Death due to pregnancy-related causes is known as maternal mortality or maternal death.

What are the direct and indirect causes of maternal mortality?

Evidence-based interventions for major causes of maternal mortality. Other direct causes include ectopic pregnancy, embolism, and anesthesia-related complications. Indirect causes include anemia, malaria, and heart disease. Reproduced from USAID From the American People.

Why is US maternal mortality so high?

Inconsistent obstetric practice, increase in women with chronic conditions, and lack of maternal health data all contribute to maternal mortality in the United States.

How long can a dead baby stay in the womb?

In the case of fetal demise, a dead fetus that has been in the uterus for 4 weeks can cause changes in the body’s clotting system. These changes can put a woman at a much higher chance of significant bleeding if she waits for a long time after the fetal demise to deliver the pregnancy.

Which drug is the safest to take during pregnancy?

Safe Medications to Take During Pregnancy

  • Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)*
  • Dextromethorphan (Robitussin®)*
  • Guaifenesin (Mucinex® [plain]) *
  • Vicks Vapor Rub® mentholated cream.
  • Mentholated or non-mentholated cough drops.
  • (Sugar-free cough drops for gestational diabetes should not contain blends of herbs or aspartame)

1 янв. 2018 г.