What is Stripped?
Stripped definition and meaning on Dictionary terms:
having had a covering, clothing, equipment, or furnishings removed: trees stripped of their leaves by the storm; a stripped bed ready for clean sheets.
having had usable parts or items removed, as for reuse or resale: the hulk of a stripped car.
having or containing the bare essentials, with no added features or accessories: a stripped new car, with no radio or air conditioning.