What is Legalist?

Legalist definition and meaning on Dictionary terms:
strict adherence, or the principle of strict adherence, to law or prescription, especially to the letter rather than the spirit.
Theology. the doctrine that salvation is gained through good works. the judging of conduct in terms of adherence to precise laws.

(initial capital letter) (in Chinese philosophy) the principles and practices of a school of political theorists advocating strict legal control over all activities, a system of rewards and punishments uniform for all classes, and an absolute monarchy.