TIGER files meaning in Information Science terminology / glossary / dictionary is:
An acronym for Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing system, a digitaldatabase developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to support its mapping needs for the decennial census and other programs. The topological structure of the TIGER database defines the location and relationship of streets, rivers, railroads, legal boundaries, and other features to each other and to the geographic entities for which the Census Bureau tabulates data gathered in its censuses and sample surveys. To make use of TIGER data, the user must have mapping or geographic information system (GIS) software capable of importing and manipulating TIGER files. The Census Bureau trademarks its TIGER products to inform customers of their origin. Click here to learn more about TIGER products.