choanocyte (collar cell)

What is choanocyte (collar cell)?

choanocyte (collar cell) meaning a flagellated cell that lines the interior of the central cavity (spongocoel) of a sponge. Choanocytes have a tubular collar with an extended flagellum that faces the spongocoel and creates currents that force water into the interstices of the sponge. Suspended food particles, such as plankton, are trapped by the choanocytes and passed to an amoebocyte that carries the food to other cells

Diagram of choanocyte
Diagram of choanocyte. The flagella create water currents that bring nutrients into the interior of a sponge. (Diagram: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)


reference: Coral Reef Information System – Glossary