Critical Financial Markets

Financial markets whose operations are critical to the economy. Critical financial markets provide the means for financial institutions to adjust their cash and securities positions and those of their customers in order to manage liquidity, market, and other risks to their organizations. Critical financial markets also provide support for the provision of a wide range of financial services to businesses and consumers in the United States and support the implementation of monetary policy. Examples of “critical financial markets” include: • Federal funds, foreign exchange, and commercial paper; • U.S. Government and agency securities; and • Corporate debt and equity securities.