What is acceleration?
acceleration meaning When you push on the gas pedal in the car or put on the brakes, the car goes faster or slower. When it is changing from one speed to another, it is accelerating (faster) or decelerating (slower). This change from one speed, or velocity, to another is called acceleration. Technically, then, acceleration is how much the velocity changes in a unit time.
reference: USGS – Earthquake Glossary