What is Schengen Convention?
Schengen Convention meaning
| established – signed June 1990; effective March 1995|
aim – to allow free movement within an area without internal border controls
members – (26) Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland; note – UK and Ireland have not joined; Cyprus will probably join in the near future; Bulgaria and Romania are still not fully implemented
De Facto members (microstates within or between Schengen states) – (5) Andorra, Holy See, Liechtenstein, Monaco, San Marino
reference: The World Factbook 2017. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2017. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html