What is Penalty ?

Penalty is (noun) 1. a punishment The maximum penalty for this offence is two years’ imprisonment. The coup failed and the leaders had to pay the penalty. 2. a punishment in sport, especially a kick at goal awarded to the opposite side in football He was awarded a penalty kick. They scored from a penalty. 3. a disadvantage Being chased by photographers is one of the penalties of being rich and famous. (NOTE: The plural is penalties.)


source: Easier English, Student Dictionary Upper Intermediate Level