Arctic Council

What is Arctic Council?

Arctic Council meaning

established – 18 September 1996


aim – to address the common concerns and challenges faced by Arctic governments and the people of the Arctic; to protect the Arctic environment


members – (8) Canada, Denmark (Greenland, Faroe Islands), Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, US


permanent participants – (6) Aleut International Association, Arctic Athabaskan Council, Gwich’in Council International, Inuit Circumpolar Conference, Russian Association of Indigenous People of the North, Saami Council


observers – (12) China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Netherlands, Poland, Singapore, Spain, UK



reference: The World Factbook 2017. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2017.